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A private limited company, or LTD, is a type of privately held small business entity. This type of business entity limits owner liability to their shares, limits the number of shareholders to 50, and restricts shareholders from publicly trading shares.
During the recent recession, which lasted from December 2007 - June 2009, many businesses experienced financial problems and permanently closed. One advantage of owning a private limited company is that the financial liability of shareholders is limited to their shares. Therefore, if a private limited company was in financial trouble and had to close, shareholders would not risk losing their personal assets. Although, perpetrating a fraud related to the private limited company would negate an owner's limited liability protection.
The restriction placed on the sale or transfer of shares may be considered an advantage or disadvantage, depending on your outlook. It is an advantage to some shareholders because shareholders who want to sell shares cannot sell them to outside buyers. Shareholders must also agree to the sale or transfer of shares; therefore, the risk of hostile takeovers is low. The restriction placed on the sale of shares is a disadvantage because shareholders have limited options for liquidating shares.
Another advantage of a private limited company is its continued existence, even after the owner dies or leaves the business. Private limited companies are incorporated. When a business incorporates, it becomes an independent legal entity, meaning it is able to sue or own assets separate from the company owner. A private limited company differs from a sole proprietorship in that the latter is owned by a single individual who is personally responsible for the company's business debts and essential to its continued existence.
Private limited companies also enjoy tax advantages. For example, their corporate taxes may be lower than those paid by other types of businesses. Financial statements for private limited companies must be filed no later than nine months after the fiscal year ends. The first accounting period begins the same day that the bussiness incorporated